4S Handbook

This handbook is written in detail with the purpose of providing guidelines on process of implementing the 4S Model. It should be noted that although the model is intended for a private sector player (e.g., tractor company), the handbook is written from the perspective of a not-for-profit organisation “Adopting Organisation” that helps their selected private sector partner “Partner” implement the model. For this purpose, a significant amount of preparation is required, so the handbook is divided into 2 blocks to reflect this: Block 1 – Pre-implementation and Block 2 – Implementation. Under each block, there are guidelines, each with its own detailed steps and guidance, to demonstrate how the 4S Model should be deployed. At the end of each guideline, there are Tips, Tools & Resources, and Examples to help illustrate the guidance. Extra documents can be found in the appendices attached to this document.



This Handbook was developed by Swisscontact in the Mekong Inclusive Growth and Innovation Program (MIGIP). MIGIP is financed by the Happel Foundation, the Kuoni and Hugentobler Stiftung, among other donors. As part of the Swisscontact Development Programme, it is co-financed by SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA). This handbook has been created by Swisscontact. The views and conclusions contained here do not necessarily reflect those of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDF.

Swisscontact would like to acknowledge the contribution of our private partners Yee Chhun, Larano Manufacturer, Neourn Workshop and Angkor Green Investment and Development Company , public sector partners Conservation Agriculture Service Center (CASC) of Department of Agricultural Land Resources Management (DALRM), Department of Agricultural Engineering (DAEng) under General Directorate of Agriculture (GDA) of Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery (MAFF) and research institutions  CIRAD and academic institutions Royal University of Agriculture and Kansas State University for actively participating and contributing to the intervention and implementation of 4S model to promote the machineries to reach out to smallholder farmers in Cambodia.