Food Security through Climate Adaption and Resilience in Mozambique 

The FAR Programme (2017-2020) is a Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)-funded integrated programme that aimed to improve food security and resilience to climate change shocks for 30,000 - 45,000 smallholder farmer households in the provinces of Manica and Sofala in Mozambique. On the other hand, the FAR Programme aimed to create sustainable climate-smart agricultural solutions (CSA) for Mozambiquan farmers, who often face challenges of food security due to harsh conditions brought about by climatic changes.
Manica Province, Mozambique
Sofala Province, Mozambique
Project duration
2017 - 2020
Financed by
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)

Mozambique is a country at high risk for climate change, as it is increasingly affected by unpredictable rainfall, droughts as well as abnormal and/or extreme weather events such as cyclones. These climate shocks have significant implications, mainly because most of the farmers practice rain-fed agriculture and are little prepared for climate changes. In consequence of this, food security is negatively affected. The fact that Mozambique ranks as 108 out of 113 countries in the 2016 Food Security Index illustrates this. The tropical cyclone Idai that hit the coast of Central Mozambique in March 2019 further aggravated the situation.

The FAR Programme is implemented in selected districts of the Central Provinces of Sofala and Manica. These regions are highly affected by climate change impacts (erratic rains, droughts, floods) and food insecurity. At the same time, there is high potential for agricultural production and market integration. The FAR-Mozambique Programme has been designed on the premise that the agricultural sector remains key for development in the targeted provinces, where an estimated 90% of the population depend on agriculture production with the majority being smallholder farmers.

Intervention area
Sustainably improving the quality of life is undoubtedly my motivation and that of Swisscontact as an institution. 
Regula Chávez-Malgiaritta, Country Director Mozambique, Project Manager FAR
Agricultural situation in Mozambique
Historically Mozambique is a country at high-risk due to climate change, affected by increasingly unpredictable rainfall and droughts, as well as abnormal or extreme weather events such as cyclones. Agriculture in Mozambique is dominated by smallholder farmers and represents an important area of activity for the economy. It is the basis of food security for 80% of the population.
Implementing Organisations
The FAR Programme Managing Organisation (MO) was implemented by a consortium of five Implementing Organisations (IOs): African Fertiliser and Agribusiness Partnership (AFAP), Kwaedza Simukai Manica Association (AKSM), Concern Universal (United Purpose), International Fertiliser Development Centre (IFDC) and Access to Food and Climate Resilience through Market Systems (AFOC-MSD). The AFOC-MSD project belongs to Swisscontact and was managed separately from the MO.
FAR Programme vision and objectives
The vision of the FAR Programme was stable availability of and access to food for 30,000 - 45,000 families of semi-subsistence and semi-commercial smallholders (of which 50% are female) through climate-resilient agriculture, production, value chain integration and income diversification.
Our Approach
Rural development and a strong agricultural sector reduce poverty and are the basis for sustainable economic development at all levels. 
Special approach due the cyclone Idai
Climate related conditions during 2019
An impact study conducted in 2020 to assess the FAR approach showed that despite climate shocks such as droughts, cyclone Idai and floods in areas implementing the FAR programme, more than 80% of smallholders increased their incomes significantly during the last 3 years of FAR implementation. 

Stories from the Field