Mozambique is a country at high risk for climate change, as it is increasingly affected by unpredictable rainfall, droughts as well as abnormal and/or extreme weather events such as cyclones. These climate shocks have significant implications, mainly because most of the farmers practice rain-fed agriculture and are little prepared for climate changes. In consequence of this, food security is negatively affected. The fact that Mozambique ranks as 108 out of 113 countries in the 2016 Food Security Index illustrates this. The tropical cyclone Idai that hit the coast of Central Mozambique in March 2019 further aggravated the situation.
The FAR Programme is implemented in selected districts of the Central Provinces of Sofala and Manica. These regions are highly affected by climate change impacts (erratic rains, droughts, floods) and food insecurity. At the same time, there is high potential for agricultural production and market integration. The FAR-Mozambique Programme has been designed on the premise that the agricultural sector remains key for development in the targeted provinces, where an estimated 90% of the population depend on agriculture production with the majority being smallholder farmers.