Context

Bangladesh stands at important crossroads of economic, human and social development. There is a strong focus on human resource development including skills training, which is an important part of the economic and social transformation.

It is well recognized that knowledge and skills are important driving forces of economic growth and social development in any country. A large proportion of the labour force (about 85%) is engaged in informal employment in low productivity and low paying jobs (BBS, LFS 2016-17). More than 55% of the Bangladeshi migrant workers are semi-skilled or low skilled resulting in low wage earnings abroad (BMET, 2017). The Government of Bangladesh’s vision is to become a developed country by 2041. The technical and vocational education system is a priority driver to achieve this national vision. The National Skills Development Council (NSDC) was upgraded to National Skills Development Authority (NSDA) in 2018 as an apex body for skills development in the country. The National Skills Development Policy (NSDP) was adopted in 2011.

Against this background, the Skills and Employment Programme – Bangladesh – also known as Sudokkho - was purposely designed to build on and support the implementation of the National Skills Development Policy and government reform process while working with the private sector to deliver skills training sustainably and at scale. It was assumed that private training providers were ideally placed to set up mutually beneficial relationships with industry and expand skills training to reach the poor and marginalised groups. In a training market, which is highly dependent on subsidies, Sudokkho aimed at identifying training models that did not continually depend on subsidies but were based on appropriate incentives for job seekers, private training providers, and employers. Sudokkho’s approach was structured around two modes of delivery both linked to the industry:

  • ✓ Private Training Providers (PTPs): Qualified and credible PTPs offer inclusive Sudokkho-supported Competency-based training
  • ✓ Industry-Based Training (IBT): Inhouse quality training mechanism offer inclusive training for their existing and new workforce

Additionally, Sudokkho supported industry skills councils and the development of skills training packages that met the occupational skills standards of the industry and can be used by the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system of Bangladesh.