Swisscontact in Mozambique - through SC-IO - is implementing the FAR Manica Project in the districts of Macate, Manica, Sussundenga and Vanduzi in order to contribute to increasing the population’s food security, resilience and adaptation to climate change. The project was designed to improve the rate of adoption by farmers of improved varieties of high-yield maize and beans and drought-resistant crops with a short production cycle. 
Manica Province
Gondola, Mozambique
Manica, Mozambique
Sussundenga, Mozambique
Vanduzi, Mozambique
Project duration
2017 - 2020
Financed by
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)

Manica Province is a vulnerable area, frequently affected by extreme weather changes. Climate-related hazards, such as drought and floods occur frequently and have a devastating impact on the population that is often insufficiently prepared. These disasters not only affect the people but also their food security, natural resources, public health, and economic growth. Erratic rains, and prolonged dey spells, frequently followed by concentrated torrential rains, have compelled farmers to revise their planting season, determine shorter windows-of-production, and prolong the “hunger season”, when they rely on stored food and/or cash savings for their food security.


The AFOC - MSD project aimed to improve food security and adaptation and resilience to climate change by smallholder farmers in central Mozambique, by promoting and disseminating improved varieties (focus on maize, beans and vegetables); disseminating selective and climate-intelligent agricultural practices; and facilitating diversification by offering support for income-rearing activities through cash harvests and the integration of small animals with crop farming.

The AFOC - MSD project was designed on the premise that the agricultural sector remains key for development in Manica Province and provides a buffer to withstand the drastic impact of sporadic climate changes. Investing in agriculture will also capitalise on new economic opportunities, bearing in mind the limited size of off-farm economies in the region.

Through trials and campaigns, AFOC-MSD raise awareness to promote drought resistant tropical varieties of vegetables, as well as appropriate climate-smart agricultural practices. In addition, there are demonstrations of manual sowers, intelligent irrigation solutions (suitable for Manica province), agricultural conservation and the promotion of turkeys and small orchards.

AFOC-MSD Approach


1.       Market Systems Development (Inclusive Markets)

2.       Knowledge Management of Climate-Smart Agriculture Solutions

3.       Women Economic Empowerment (WEE)

AFOC-MSD Interventions

Dissemination of improved bean varieties

The aim is to increase the up-take of the improved varieties; presently the rate of adoption is only 12-15%. The benefits of the improved varieties are well documented and highly appreciated by farmers, and include characteristics like higher yields, shorter cycle of production, better quality, and higher drought resistance. Their use will result in a combination of improved food availability and food access (as possible cash-crops).

The final objective of this component is to increase bean production in the region and to create a new habit among farmers of regularly purchasing base seeds for multiplication on their own plots, every 3-4 years.

Diversification / integration of staple crops with horticulture

The promotion and integration of staple crops/horticulture to allow farmers to have two cycles of production per year - staple-crops followed by vegetable production, thus creating the opportunity to earn additional income. Improving access to improved tropical varieties through local input providers for crops that have a high import substitution potential will be pursued.

Transfer of technology on selected CSA solutions

The project facilitates experts for technology transfer of SMART agricultural practices/solutions. The selection of CSA best practices will improve access to water, income diversification and productivity.



  • 11,965 smallholder farmers (7,418 women) had access to products and services facilitated by the project, such as improved agricultural inputs and post-harvest techniques.
  • 6,960 farmers (4,031 women) made additional income of CHF 60 from their yield and ensured food security for their families.
  • 10,500 beneficiaries (6,835 women) increased their incomes from CHF15 (10%) to CHF45 (30%) through access to climate-smart agricultural techniques, structured markets, agricultural inputs, integration, and commercialisation of horticulture seedlings.


A iniciativa "Semente Melhorada Próxima e Acessível para os Agricultores" quer melhorar o nível de produção dos pequenos agricultores
Para promover o acesso e a disponibilidade de variedades melhoradas de sementes de vegetais para os agricultores, a Swisscontact Mozambique através do projecto AFOC - MSD e SEED CO lançaram a iniciativa ISAF (Improved seed available and accessible for the farmers - Semente Melhorada Próxima e Acessível para os Agricultores).