The first CA-related research activities in Cambodia started in 2004 as part of the Crop Diversification and Smallholder Rubber Development Project (SRDP) Phase 2, funded by the French Agency for Development (AFD) and implemented by the General Directorate of Rubber of MAFF (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) in partnership with the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD). Since then, Cambodia has capacitated necessary human resources with technical knowledge and experiences through the experiments and testing of cropping systems of upland annual crops as well as the development of a cover crop genetic bank leading to the start of crop genetic conservation in Bos Khnor commune, in Kampong Cham province. Over the years, this station in Bos Khnor evolved into what is now known as the Cambodian Conservation Agriculture Research for Development Centre (CARDEC).
The 5-year strategic plan proposes that research center in Bos Khnor (CARDEC) transforms into a Centre of Excellence for research for development (R4D) in the agroecology sector in Cambodia.
Through the 5-year Strategic Roadmap, CARDEC can now strategically promote research for development on agroecology practices, strengthen research and agroecology skills and improve R4D infrastructure and capacity with the objective to accelerate the transition to Regenerative Agriculture. It can also effectively contribute to its mission to conserve crop genetic resources, conduct experiments, assess, and promote agricultural production systems based on agroecological and sustainable intensification, along with building the capacity of relevant stakeholders (especially farmers) to increase agricultural productivity and promote the livelihoods of rural communities.
Swisscontact through the Innovation for Sustainable Agriculture project along with Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD) are proud to have provided support to DALRM and worked with Dr. Seng Vang, who was instrumental in leading the development of this 5-year Strategic Development Plan.
The Innovation for Sustainable Agriculture project is financed by the Happel Foundation, the Symphasis Foundation, and the Leopold Bachmann Foundation among other donors. As part of the Swisscontact Development Programme, it is co-financed by SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA).