The transition to digital education has evolved due to the Covid-19 pandemic resulting in prolonged school closures since March 2020. Although most TVET institutes continued their courses online, the trainers and learners have urged for improvements in the online course offering. Trainers had limited experience teaching online courses, and learners did not receive the support and learning materials.
Therefore, the Directorate General of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (DGTVET) of the Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training (MoLVT) approached the SDP with a request for support to establish e-learning practices in the TVET system. The intervention will contribute towards a more accessible and attractive TVET system through systemic adaptation of trainers’ competencies for online and blended training courses as a way forward post-pandemic.
The joint project targets three main goals:
To identify the needs and define suitable activities, SDP conducted a needs assessment, 1362 learners, 238 trainers, and the management from 12 TVET institutes. From the evaluation, SDP identified short-term activities that addressed the immediate needs to keep the TVET courses running and longer-term activities to achieve a systematic change towards e-learning and blended learning.
The short terms activities included basic training sessions on relevant e-learning techniques. The training sessions included video production, the use of online applications and internet research and were open to all TVET trainers. More than 100 trainers made use of this opportunity and attended the online training.
As part of the plan to improve the overall e-learning platform, SDP will facilitate a 12-weeks e-learning training course for 30 selected master trainers from select TVET institutions. The training is organized in collaboration with the Department of Standard and Curriculum (DSC) and conducted by international e-learning experts. It includes the rationale and theory of e-learning as well as practical exercises on how to deliver online classes and develop digital learning material.
SDP and DGTVET will jointly ensure that the e-learning master trainers will further conduct training of trainers (ToT) in Cambodian TVET institutes. SDP will facilitate the e-learning ToT for the provincial training centers (PTC) in SDP’s five target provinces Kratie, Stung Treng, Mondulkiri, Ratanakiri, and Preah Vihear by the end of 2022. For national and regional training institutes and PTCs in other provinces, DGTVET will implement the training of trainers as part of its Human Resources development strategy. In the longer term, systemic change will be achieved by integrating e-learning practices into the regular training of TVET trainers.
Cross-country knowledge transfer
SDP is not the first Swisscontact programme to implement an e-learning project. The team of the Skills for Jobs (S4J) project implemented by Swisscontact Albania has gained some valuable experiences and learned important lessons when developing an e-learning platform and introducing e-learning to the Albanian TVET sector. With the start of the e-learning project in Cambodia, SDP thus approached S4J for information. The Albanian team shared its knowledge and network of international experts. A considerable amount of time and resources was saved by applying S4J’s good practice. Following this knowledge transfer, the current Albanian programme will be adapted to the Cambodian context to implement it most efficiently.
Targeted Beneficiaries (2021-2024)
Through the e-learning intervention, SDP anticipates reaching 70 direct beneficiaries. The project will provide training to 30 master trainers, and it is expected that the master trainers will then provide training to 40 trainers in Provincial Training Centres in five target provinces (Kratie, Stung Treng, Mondulkiri, Ratanakiri, and Preah Vihear). SDP expects to reach 1200 learners and 100 trainers indirectly by 2024. The intervention is expected to scale through DGTVET, responsible for teacher training in TVET institutes in additional provinces. Additionally, the number of learners benefitting from the improved competencies of the trainers will increase over the years.
With the improvement and integration of e-learning into professional development for trainers and curricula, future learners and TVET trainers will benefit from the increased accessibility of courses. This will particularly help youth located in remote areas, as long travel distances and costs associated with physical attendance of TVET will be minimized.
With this e-learning project Swisscontact leads by example when it comes to global knowledge transfer and sustainably modernising the TVET system.
Very likely that it will soon be Cambodia’s turn to support other countries with similar aspirations by sharing its good practice!