Coordination and advocacy: Agribusiness Machinery Association in Cambodia (AMAC) 


One of the learnings from the implementation of the Mekong Inclusive Growth and Innovation Programme (MIGIP), the predecessor to ISA was the lack of a coordination services to the private sector in the agriculture machinery domain. Therefore, the Agribusiness Machinery Association in Cambodia, (AMAC) was envisioned so that the machinery association could provide a common voice for the private sector. This will help the competitiveness of the industry and the smallholder farmers getting easier access to the machinery of their services. AMAC’s presence will also support the introduction of new machineries and the Government’s vision to mechanize agriculture in Cambodia. Mechanization in turn helps the small holder farmers to be more productive. Under the direction of Department of Agriculture Engineering (DAEng), ISA in Phase 1 supported the formation of AMAC.

Aims and Objectives

The Agribusiness Machinery Association in Cambodia, (AMAC) aimed to connect important actors of agricultural sector in Cambodia and relevant association to establish network nationally and internationally in order to explore through new technologies training, exhibition and study tours. AMAC was also envisioned to provide the space for the private sector to discuss opportunities and challenges in their businesses and possibly lobby for changes with the Government.

Institutionalization Vision

The institutionalization vision for AMAC was for it to be an independent association for the private sector involved with importing and exporting agriculture machinery. However, due to internal and external limitations, this vision will not be pursued.

AMAC in the making

Agriculture Machinery Association in Cambodia (AMAC) formalized
Under the direction of the Department of Agriculture Engineering (DAEng), the Cambodia Agricultural Machinery and Technology Association (CAMTA) was formed. Fifteen companies participated in the event and four have expressed interest in becoming the founding board members for the association. The association also attended the Qingdao Exhibition 2019 with the aim of strengthening the relations of the association members with international stakeholders and other regional associations for future potential importation of new agricultural machineries into Cambodia. In 2019 the development of the charter of the association for the registration process at the Ministry of Interior commenced. CAMTA was also renamed as Agriculture Machinery Association in Cambodia (AMAC).
Registration of Agribusiness Machinery Association in Cambodia (AMAC)
In 2020, the Agriculture Machinery Association in Cambodia (AMAC) was registered with the Royal Government of Cambodia. The strategic plan for the association was also under development. The association was also registered to be a member of The Regional Council of Agricultural Machinery Associations (ReCAMA). Being part of ReCAMA would help getting knowledge of technology from the region. The first board meeting of the association was also conducted.
Development of Spare Part List for tax exemption
In 2021, the association focused on developing and reviewing spare part lists for tax exemption. AMAC’s technical working group conducted 16 meetings to discuss the spare part list and also organized meetings with the Deputy Secretariat General of MAFF, H.E. Khy Kosal, who oversees the Minister’s office. The draft of the AMACs Roadmap and strategy documents was completed.
Spare part list for tax exemption to be finalized and approved
In 2023, the Department of Engineering (DAEng) will work to finalize the spare part list with agro-machineries and have the list approved by the Ministry of Economic and Finance (MEF) to issue a Prakas on tax exemption on spare parts. Furthermore, a consultation workshop on the list of spare parts with the Ministry of Economy and Finance will also be organized. As a part of support to AMAC, Swisscontact will also sign a partnership agreement with the CAP-RED project.


Sustainable agriculture
Building collaborative platforms: Experience of ISA
Bringing about change in an established system is not an easy task. It is even more difficult to bring about sustainable change, where the new systems operate smoothly even after the agent of change has abrogated. It is difficult, but not impossible. The key in establishing these sustainable structures is by imparting a strong sense of ownership over the change, having a capable public-private support, and setting up a proper market system that enable market actors to not only drive economic growth, but also to contribute to development policies. Therefore, one of the most effective ways to bring about sustainable change in the system is through public-private partnerships.