Promouvoir les Compétences et les Moyens de Subsistance (S4L) (angl.)

Turkana County, the second-largest county in Kenya boasts of an estimated population of 926,976 with young people below the age of 19 years, accounting for 60% of the population. Classified as the most impoverished county, 79% of its people are living in poverty with illiteracy levels rising to 82%. 

Despite the high levels of marginalization, the county is home to Kakuma refugee camp which hosts approximately 186,000 refugees from 21 nationalities. The camp established in 1992, has grown and with it the establishment of the Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement. The integrated settlement aims to promote the self-reliance of refugees and host communities by providing them with better livelihood opportunities and enhanced service delivery.

Turkana West sub-county forms the jurisdiction of the S4L Project. The sub-county accommodates the Kakuma refugee camp as well as the host community and is located at the farthest end of the Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudanese border. The sub-county’s porous borders make it susceptible to cases of insecurity. 

Mostly dependent on livestock, the county has begun seeking to grow its potential by exploring other income-generating activities and areas that can lead to developmental growth. It is against this background that the S4L Project came in to address these gaps.

Durée du projet
2016 - 2022
Financé par
  • Direction du développement et de la coopération DDC

Le projet

The Skills 4 Life Project aims to strengthen the income-generating capabilities of youth aged between 16 and 25 years by enhancing their access to technical skills training, financial, life and literacy skills for improved livelihoods. It targets both members of the host community and refugees living in Kakuma Refugee Camp and Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement located in Turkana County in the North-Western region of Kenya.

The project is implemented in partnership with local community-based organizations working in both the refugee and host communities. These organizations are provided with short-term technical and financial support to deliver various aspects of the project.

Objectifs du projet

In the third phase, the project aims to create the below impact for the refugee and host community:

  • Increase access to market-driven skills for 4,600 youth;
  • Increase financial and business management capabilities by supporting the start-up of 1,300 new micro-businesses;
  • Facilitate 3,000 beneficiaries to gain meaningful employment or self-employment: and
  • Document a replicable and scalable skills development model for fragile contexts


Results to date

  • 3,141 youths (1,916 female) from the refugee and host community accessed technical skills training in various trades.
  • 2,569 youths (1,621 female) from 122 learning groups successfully completed the training.
  • 1,227 beneficiaries (822 female) were engaged in wage (190) and self-employment (1,037) as a result of the training.
  • 122 mavuno groups comprising 1,581 members (253 refugees and 1,281 female) were formed and members saved CHF 303,854, loaning out CHF 645,567 to each other.
  • 126 business groups were formed and generated income worth CHF 65,586 from active groups as additional income.
Project Journey and Key Achievements
The Promoting Life Skills and Livelihoods project commonly referred to as Skills for Life (S4L) was designed to strengthen the income-generating capabilities of youth (both refugee and from the host community) in Kakuma by enhancing their technical, financial, life and literacy skills to improve their chances of an enriched livelihood.