Projet Gene-Sis de Nuevas Oportunidades El Salvador (angl.)

The project addresses one of the most pressing humanitarian crises in Central America. In 2018, 195 790 migrants from the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) countries were forced to return to their countries of origin, an increase of 38.5% over the previous year. With the US government's new stricter policy on illegal migration, and the termination of temporary protected status for 195,000 Salvadorans, this number is expected to increase further in the coming years. This is compounded by the reduction of remittances sent from the United States, which are essential for the survival of many families in El Salvador given the limited economic opportunities in the country. In addition, most returning migrants do not have a psychosocial or economic support network when they return and run the risk of falling into criminal activities or attempting to emigrate again.
El Salvador
Durée du projet
2021 - 2023
Financé par
  • Union européenne

The project

The project includes actors such as the Salvadoran Institute of Vocational Training, INSAFORP, the Salvadoran Chamber of Tourism, CASATUR, the Salvadoran Chamber of the Construction Industry, CASALCO, municipalities, universities and private companies. The Gene-Sis New Opportunities project is funded by the European Union in El Salvador. A new phase has been approved for implementation during 2021-2024, incorporating cross-cutting elements of territorialization, innovation, technology, new methodologies, among others, through 5 interventions: evaluation and certification of competencies, coaching and labor insertion, creation of entrepreneurship, knowledge management, and facilitation of intersectoral alliances for the promotion of the rights of migrants (returned migrants and internally displaced persons) with emphasis on generating impact on policies and programs, as well as providing legal assistance.

The project is a support system for human rights, empowerment and reintegration of returned migrants. It focuses on three dimensions: 

  • Individual: focused on the needs of migrants and their families, it fosters employment and income generation through skills certification, upskilling and reskilling, support for entrepreneurship, among others.
  • Social: the system focuses on fostering adaptation to this new reality and their participation in the community to achieve social reintegration.
  • Structural: by strengthening the capacities of the institutional ecosystem and the generation of public policies and the exercise of rights and governance. In addition to creating opportunities for returned migrants to generate income in El Salvador, the project contributes to the country's economic development as the skills they have acquired abroad generate business and entrepreneurial competitiveness. Growing industries demand a skilled and efficient workforce, and empirical workers with their certified skills are a cost-effective way to meet this need, particularly in the construction and tourism sectors.

Project Goals

  1. Strengthening the leadership and capacities of civil society to establish alliances with territorial and sectoral actors (public and private), in the promotion and defense of the human rights of returned and internally displaced migrants and their families.
  2. Improved capacities of civil society and public institutions for the promotion, formulation and implementation of public policies focused on the rights and empowerment of returned and internally displaced migrants and their families.
  3. Promotion of multi-sectoral partnerships and viable instruments for the economic reintegration of returned and internally displaced migrants, replicable and scalable.
  4. Knowledge management, communication and learning to maximize replication and scale of adoption of good practices.


  • Ministry of Foreign Relations
  • Ministry of Labour


Project progress phase in 2018-2020 

  • 417 migrants certified in the areas of construction and tourism.
  • 62% labor market insertion
  • 44 Developed and active enterprises
  • 5 Competency Evaluation Centers
  • Six technical labor competency standards and their corresponding evaluation instruments developed
  • 55 Competency evaluators trained
  • Psychosocial care model designed
  • Labor intermediation model
  • Design of digital application: New Opportunities: diagnostic assessment services and face-to-face assessment programming, job opportunities and network of certified migrants.
  • Labor supply and demand analysis studies (2021)

Results 2021

  • The technical team of the training center of the Salvadoran Vocational Training Institute, INSAFORP San Bartolo, has been trained in the care, evaluation and certification of returned migrants.
  • The process of acquiring equipment for INSAFORP for the application of virtual reality and artificial intelligence for electrical and special welding processes has begun.
  • Competency-based certification. To date, 15 labor competency evaluation processes have been carried out in the construction sector, 5 in ceramic flooring installation and 10 in gypsum board installation.
  • This application facilitates the diagnostic evaluation processes and the filling out of the evaluation instruments during the practical evaluation.
  • Financial education. Progress has been made in the design of financial education workshops and access to medical and life insurance for returned migrants.
  • Psychosocial care. The mapping of the psychosocial care ecosystem was updated, with an exhaustive analysis of each organization, identifying 7 institutions that specialize in providing care to vulnerable communities and populations. Alliances will be developed with these institutions for the implementation of the psychosocial care model.
  • Labor intermediation. We have been able to work closely with the Ministry of Labor, MTPS, we have analyzed the labor intermediation system and are co-constructing a model for the attention of returned migrants.
  • Incubation of business models. The consolidation of the entrepreneurship incubation model was achieved, for which purpose a process of packaging the model was developed through facilitation manuals, didactic letters and 5 a participant's guide. As part of the conditions for transferring the incubation model, the Bases of the Challenge have been prepared and launched, and organizations with the potential to compete