Implementing this policy in Latin American countries has brought great benefits to these societies, including a reduction in the number of traffic accidents, reduction of environmental pollution, increase in the average age of vehicles, and the decrease in the number of undocumented vehicles.
The implemented model consists of three important aspects:
- The design of an adequate legal framework for the country’s current institutional framework;
- The creation of knowledge and technical capacities for the public and private actors responsible for its implementation;
- Technological software and hardware instruments that enable the implementation of demonstrating, learning and pilot training projects.
Contribution of Technical and Legal Elements
The modernisation of the technical vehicle inspection was a goal of the project from the outset. The Supreme Decree was first manifested in 2005. The system has not yet been implemented in the country due to disputes regarding its institutional design.
Aire Limpio contributed by providing certain technical and legal elements, enabling the state to make decisions and implement the system. These included the following:
- Incorporating a chapter into the General Law on Transport No. 165 relating to the new National Vehicle Technical Inspection System. This enabled the design of the new institutional framework and the combination of the mechanical and environmental inspections.
- Implementation of six Pilot Centres of Technical Vehicle Inspection; Santa Cruz (2009), La Paz (2014), Tarija and Sucre (2015) and El Alto and Cochabamba (ongoing projects).
- National Law on Technical Vehicle Inspection. Together with the Vice Ministry of Transport, work proceeded on a preliminary project of the Law on Technical Vehicle Inspection. On 26th July 2017, President Evo Morales sent the draft bill to the Plurinational Legislative Assembly for consideration and approval.
- In 2009, a first version of a management and control system for the Technical Vehicle Inspection was developed, together with the Register for the Municipal Tax Administration (RUAT). This platform awaits its completion through the clarification of the national legal framework.
- Approval of the Supreme Decree No. 3244 and regulations for the import of vehicles that meet the environmental emissions dispositions. This norm restricts the importation of vehicles with low emissions quality and indirectly prohibits importing used vehicles. The Vice Ministry of Transport is currently designing its entry into force.