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De nouvelles opportunités de marché grâce à une production efficace dans le Golfe de Fonseca (angl.)

The Dry Corridor is one of the most impoverished and economically depressed areas of Honduras. Here, 65% of households live below the poverty line, while 48% are extremely poor and experience high rates of malnutrition and other negative social consequences. Commercial agriculture for export is the main source of seasonal jobs for poor people, while small-scale agriculture is the dominant economic activity and the greatest source of income in the area, especially for the extreme poor.

The two compete for water and land, mainly in coastal areas. Extreme climate events are exacerbating the situation by exposing vulnerable rural economic activities to further risk. In addition, gender and other social inequities in access to, control of and benefits from productive assets increase the vulnerability of marginalized groups such as women and youth. The Government of Honduras and its development allies believe that inclusive economic growth can break the cycle of poverty trap and social alienation in the Dry Corridor. Agriculture is considered a priority sector with required efforts concentrating on productivity issues, market and infrastructure development. Non-farm rural activities also provide opportunities by generating a vibrant and diversified local economy.

Le projet

The “Rural Market Opportunities in the Gulf of Fonseca” project addresses entrenched poverty and low economic productivity in the Dry Corridor by enabling rural MSMEs, including agricultural producers, to take full advantage of the agricultural and non-agricultural market opportunities available to them.
The project approach to rural private sector development, is to build strength throughout the local economic system – supporting small businesses to operate more efficiently and effectively; helping them gain access to and meet the demands of local, national and export markets; and fostering an enabling environment that is conducive to their success. It will also link local economic development plans to broader regional and national strategies to harmonize efforts and make them more efficient. The project covers 33 municipalities additional geography by supporting selected value chains such as organic dried or tropical fruit, concentrates, cashew, sesame, honey or rural and ecotourism.

Objectives

The project will reach 7,000 households comprising 36,000 people, 70 percent of them women and/or youth. The project is expected to have achieved three intermediate outcomes:

  • Improved business, technical and/or financing practices by small-scale enterprises, especially those led by or mainly employing women, youth and/or marginalized people living in poverty
  • Increased productivity and sales by small-scale enterprises and producers, especially those led by or mainly employing women, youth and/or marginalized people living in poverty
  • Strengthened support within the local economic development system for small-scale enterprises and producers, especially those led by or mainly employing women, youth and/or marginalized people living in poverty
  • Additionally, the project will enhance MSMEs’ access to local, national and export markets and enhance their ability to use resource-efficient, climate-smart technologies for producing and processing products that meet the quality, environmental and social standards demanded by the markets activities and outputs will include studies, training, technical assistance and facilitation of relationships between MSMEs and wholesalers, retailers, exporters and other market actors.
  • In addition to training, activities and outputs will include the development of institutional coordination mechanisms, the development of local economic development plans and strategies, and wide sharing of lessons learned.
  • 80 percent of beneficiaries will increase in net household income derived from productive activities by 40 percent in women and 30% in men compared to baseline, generating an estimated cost-benefit ratio of 4:1 on  investment.

Résultats

Résultats 2018

  • 802 producteurs (47% femmes) ont appliqué des biofertilisants pour améliorer les sols, la nutrition des plantes et la productivité.
  • 83% des producteurs ont adopté l’application de biofertilisants.
  • 619 producteurs (dont 45% femmes) ont élagué et préparé leurs vieilles plantations et 471 (dont 44% femmes) ont planté un total de 56,168 arbres de cajou sur une superficie de 289.6 hectares.
  • Dans la chaîne laitière, 64 usines de transformation ont mis au point des tests de qualité du lait et analysé leurs processus; 5 d'entre elles ont commencé à mettre en place des outils d'analyse dans leur contexte commercial et de leur modèle économique.
  • 223 MPME non agricoles mettent en œuvre des outils d'analyse du marché et de leur modèle d'entreprise (95% des femmes). 41% de ces entreprises fournissent des services de restauration et d'hébergement touristiques.
  • 21 nouvelles entreprises ont raffiné leur modèle d'entreprise grâce à un processus de conseil structuré. Les nouveaux entrepreneurs ont déclaré avoir réussi à ouvrir et à utiliser un compte bancaire ; ils ont concentré leurs activités sur le segment de clientèle le plus encourageant et ont appliqué le coût de leurs produits.
  • Le projet a stimulé un processus de changement progressif dans les entreprises de transformation de produits laitiers. 43% d'entre elles ont testé la qualité du lait cru en tant que condition antérieure à l'achat du produit. Pour le moment, les entreprises connaissent l'importance du contrôle de qualité du lait.
  • 40% des usines de traitement appliquent le niveau de base du règlement technique centraméricain (RTCA 67.01.33: 06). Cette évaluation aide à établir un plan d'amélioration dans les usines pour satisfaire progressivement les exigences pour obtenir la certification
  • 33% des usines de transformation de la noix de cajou ont commencé à effectuer des analyses d’aflatoxines dans les noix.

Haciendo vivieros

Partenaire du projet

  • Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock
  • Secretariat of Economic Development
  • CDEMIPYME

Pays du projet

  • Honduras

Liens du projet

Financement

  • Global Affairs Canada

Domaine de travail

Entreprise

Swisscontact
Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation
Hardturmstrasse 123
CH-8005 Zürich

Tel. +41 44 454 17 17
Fax +41 44 454 17 97
E-Mail info@STOP-SPAM.swisscontact.org