Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. The country is in a complex economic and political crisis and is known to suffer from one of the weakest educational systems. An estimated 50% of adults cannot read and write. According to UNICEF (2016), male youth illiteracy exceeds 20%, while female youth illiteracy even accounts for 43%.
The past economic boom in conjunction with the population growth of Maputo City and Province has led to a rapid increase of building activities. The construction sector cannot fully meet market demand in terms of quantity and quality. Even after many years of reform, the national vocational training system is not in a position to develop the skills required by the construction industry. A large proportion of disadvantaged people, who often had only minimal basic education, are denied access to training due to the requirements of the formal vocational training system.
The Skills to Build (S2B) project aims to improve the competitiveness of the local construction sector in terms of quality and productivity in the City and Province of Maputo. The objective is to increase and improve sustainability of employment for the workforce engaged in this sector. Improved competitiveness shall be reached through non-formal technical skills development and certification for young low-skilled workers in close collaboration with the private sector creating long-term employment opportunities. In addition, the employability of unemployed unskilled youth interested in finding employment in the construction sector shall be increased through offering short-term induction courses. S2B is contributing to the reduction of the existing skills gap in the construction sector and the poor quality of popular construction.
- 400 low-skilled already permanently employed construction workers (Target Group 1) acquire documented skills by means of specialisation courses. 60% of them report better employment after course completion and an annual income increase of CHF 35-50 per beneficiary.
- 220 low-skilled already temporarily employed construction workers (Target Group 2) acquire documented skills by means of specialisation courses. 50% of them report better employment after course completion and an annual income increase of CHF 100-130 per beneficiary.
- 1 000 unemployed unskilled youth (Target Group 3) acquire documented skills by means of short-term induction courses. 50% of them find employment in the construction sector and report an annual income increase of CHF 300-390 per beneficiary thanks to the new recruitment.
- Organisational support to the Federation of Associations of construction companies and its associations to manage skills trainings
The project focuses on supporting and building the capacity of the Federation of Associations and the provincial associations to effectively develop and implement a private sector led non-formal training and skills development system. This includes the content development of the courses, training modalities, definition of the examination and certification process and the establishment of a database with information on qualified employees.
- Further training of construction workers already permanently or temporarily employed (Target Group 1 & 2)
Specialisation courses help construction workers, who are already employed on a permanent or temporary basis, to strengthen their skills and acquire new ones. The short-term dual training courses are offered by local training centres (private and public) and private construction companies. The core idea is that the specialisation courses take place simultaneously in a training centre (theoretical part) and a construction company (practical part) and take into account the construction cycle (real progress on construction site).
- Short-term induction courses for unemployed youth (Target Group 3)
For unemployed youth interested in employment in the construction sector, modular short-term induction courses are designed to learn the basic skills. These are offered by the vocational training centres and include a practical and theoretical part based on a dual vocational training approach.
Project Progress 2017
The first training courses for foremen of construction companies and trainers of training centres have been completed, followed by the training of the construction workers:
- 41 permanently and 21 temporarily employed construction workers took part in specialisation courses and acquired documented skills;
- 103 young unemployed people interested in the construction sector participated in short-term induction courses and acquired documented skills.
Project Progress Pilot Phase 2016
The project has successfully initiated and completed the inception phase of the skills development project. Potential partners have been identified and collaborations discussed. The project supported in the elaboration of the training curricula and training programmes in collaboration with project partners.