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Colombia: Energy Cities - Ciudades energéticas

The Energy Cities project seeks the capacities of administrative teams, companies, educational institutions and social leaders, the design and implementation of local energy strategies, based on the use and exploitation of alternatives in Colombia.

Colombia’s energy system will be confronted with different challenges in the future: electricity demand is expected to increase by 39% within the next 10 years; the international GHG reduction targets are set at 20% by 2030, yet the high share of hydropower of 60% is vulnerable to future climate change impacts. To give an example, the effects of El Niño in 2016, which led to one of the worst droughts in the last 20 years, together with the failure of some hydropower stations, have forced the government to take energy-rationing measures.

In response to these challenges, Colombia is reacting on different levels. An important step has been the development of a strong legal framework for energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE), including the energy efficiency program, PROURE – Program for the Rational and Efficient Use of Energy and non-Conventional Sources, 2017 - 2022. PROURE targets EE in sectors such as industry and transport and has identified a savings potential of 20% for the whole country. Much of these savings can be achieved in cities.

The Project

Energy Cities is a management tool for municipalities, which was originated in Switzerland 25 years ago, encouraging the implementation of energy efficiency projects, renewable energy and sustainable mobility at local level through innovative models of collaboration and with the participation of authorities municipalities, the academy, the productive sector and civil society. 

At present, Energy City has become a global initiative, which has been successfully adapted in 21 countries in Europe, Africa and Latin America

The program, executed by EBP with the participation of Swisscontact, uses innovative collaboration models and aims at the participation of municipal authorities, academia, the private sector and civil society in order to design and implement energy strategies at the local level, based in the use and exploitation of alternative energies in Colombia.

The program has three pilot cities, Montería, Fusagasugá and Pastoo, which will accompany and analyze them in the process of developing energy strategies, action plans and the implementation of specific energy projects at the municipal level. Subsequently, based on the pilot experience, a National Energy Cities Program will be developed.


Aimed project goals

  1. Guarantee leadership and institutional capacity: At the national level, an institution with the necessary competence and legitimacy needs to be identified to lead the future Colombian CE Program. At the municipal level, interdisciplinary energy teams (a mix of technical and political leaders) led by a coordinator need to be set up to manage the CE Program.
  2. Technical adaptation of the CE Program: The CE tools and processes need to be adapted to Colombia's local conditions and context. This is only possible through a close collaboration with local, national and international experts in all categories of the EEA/CE approach. The cross-fertilization with the development of the Chilean Program is also considered of significant value for both administrators, as well as technicians and energy experts in both countries.
  3. Capacity Building and Support by Energy Experts: Building the capacity of local and regional experts, members from Colombian universities and local companies that work in (and wish to enter) the area of CE as advisors and project enablers to support the local administration is crucial for the CE Program to be successful in the long term.
  4. Handbook for the elaboration of a local energy policy including strategies and action plans and monitoring, based on the CE Process: To ensure a standardized, easy-to- apply approach for a local energy policy in Colombian municipalities, it is important to establish guidelines which provide the content, structure and process of establishing local energy strategies and action plans and monitoring.
  5. Financing and Business Models: Business and financing instruments must be set up by the Ministry of Mines and Energy or other institutions to offer financial incentives for the development of local energy strategies and the implementation of municipal projects.
  6. International exchange of experiences and lessons-learned: To guarantee comparability and compatibility of the Colombian approach with other existing approaches, international exchange and sharing of lessons learned will be sought as much as possible.

Project partner

UPME, EBP, CORPOEMA, ENCO, Hinicio

Project countries

  • Colombia

Project duration

2018 - 2020

Funding

  • SECO

Working area

Environment

Swisscontact
Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation
Hardturmstrasse 123
CH-8005 Zurich

Tel. +41 44 454 17 17
Fax +41 44 454 17 97
E-Mail info@STOP-SPAM.swisscontact.org