Cocoa was brought to Indonesia from the Philippines in the 16th century. Up through the mid-20th century, cocoa was produced mainly on large estates in Java and Sumatera. Due to the outbreaks of Helopeltis spp (fruit sucking pest) and Canopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer - CPB), plantation operators moved in the 1980s to Sulawesi which later became the center of Indonesia’s cocoa production.
Prior to SCPP, Swisscontact had few programmes in the cocoa sector:
- LED (Local Economic Development, 2004-12) in East Nusa Tenggara Province worked on farmers organization, GAP on pest and disease, nursery and organic fertilizer, and linkage to cocoa processing industries
- SPAN (Swiss Project for Business Recovery, 2005-09) in Aceh Province supported cocoa cooperatives in attaining Fairtrade and organic certification and delivering GAP on pruning and fermentation
- PEKA (Aceh Cocoa Development, 2010-12) established learning centers at district level, developed farmers field school (FFS) methodology to more effectively impart GAP knowledge to farmers, and trained local trades in financial management and business planning