We use cookies to optimize this website.
By using this website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies.    Learn more


Developing Economic Opportunities in Waste Collection – Taka ni Mali

Rapid population growth and urbanisation have put pressure on urban services and waste management in Tanzania. Waste generation continues to augment as fast as human consumption. Poor solid waste management systems in growing urban centres, deficient segregation by market actors and weak leadership from municipalities are challenges the population faces.

More often than not, waste is not separated at source leaving few recoverable quantities and resulting in huge piles of uncollected waste in open spaces. Private sector actors lack access to waste processing technology and adequate recycling knowledge thus, limiting their income generation options. The key waste collectors comprising Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) often handle waste as a part-time occupation.

The Project

The Taka ni Mali (TnM) Project seeks to create adequate employment opportunities in solid waste collection and recycling, while reducing environmental degradation and health risks through efficient and sustainable solid waste management systems. It builds capacity at municipality level in Mwanza and Morogoro and supports the strengthening of the regulatory framework for Solid Waste Management (SWM) systems. It promotes the reduction of environmental pollution (CO2 emissions) and the improvement of the working conditions of waste collectors. In addition, the project initiates recycling technologies with potential together with private sector actors and waste collector organisations (Community-Based Organisations). In this way, additional new income and vacancies can be created.

To achieve its goals, the project in collaboration with the two municipalities Mwanza and Morogoro, private sector and non-governmental organisations strategically focusses on the following key intervention areas:

  1. Enhanced capacities of waste collectors;
  2. Enhanced capacities of waste recyclers;
  3. Supporting the development of adapted financial services addressed to both solid waste collectors and solid waste recyclers; and
  4. Strengthening the institutional capacities of the selected municipalities to coordinate the SWM sector.


Project Progress 2017

  • 174 solid waste collectors in Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) increased their annual average net income by CHF 238.
  • 25 new jobs were created in solid waste collection in Mwanza and Morogoro municipalities.
  • 26 500 residents (5 300 households) properly sorted and disposed solid waste, including composting, while 121 840 residents (24 368 households) paid waste collection fees.
  • 21 952 tonnes of recyclables (PET, hard plastics, tins and cans) were collected and traded by the waste collectors.

Project Progress 2013-2016

  • 199 CBO workers (almost half women) have been trained in solid waste management and are full-time employed in the waste management sector.
  • The income increase per CBO worker amounted to an average of CHF 112 per year (+37%), while recyclers achieved an average annual income increase of CHF 300 (+60%).
  • 264 jobs have been created of which 64 are waste recyclers (42% women).
  • 15 912 households have been reached with awareness creation activities.

Sorting  recyclable material

Project countries

  • Tanzania

Project duration

2017 – 2018


  • SDC
  • République et canton de Genève

Working area