The Indonesian cocoa sector has experienced a steep decline over the past decade. Today, Indonesia is still the world’s third largest cocoa producing country after the Ivory Coast and Ghana, but Indonesia’s share of the global cocoa production has dropped to around 8%. Indonesian cocoa is cultivated across a total of one million hectares, mainly on the islands of Sulawesi and Sumatra. Approximately one million mostly unorganized farmers depend on the cocoa sector as their main source of income.
The Sustainable Cocoa Production Program (SCPP) was initiated in 2012 and is currently the largest Public Private Partnership development program of its kind in Indonesia. It is funded by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), the Millennium Challenge Account for Indonesia (MCA - Indonesia), and collaborates with ten local and multinational cocoa and chocolate companies. The Program aims to increase farmer household income from cocoa by 75% and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the cocoa sector by 30%.
Target Operational Areas:
Expansion to 11 Provinces: Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Lampung, Bali, East Nusa Tenggara, South-east Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, and Gorontalo.
Expansion to 57 Districts: Aceh Barat Daya, Aceh Tamiang, Aceh Tenggara, Aceh Timur, Aceh Utara, Banggai, Bireuen, Boalemo, Bone, Buleleng, Bulukumba, Buol, Deli Serdang, Donggala, Ende, Flores Timur, Jembrana, Karo, Kolaka, Kolaka Timur, Kolaka Utara, Konawe, Konawe Selatan, Limapuluh Kota, Luwu, Luwu Timur, Luwu Utara, Majene, Mamasa, Mamuju, Muna, Padang Pariaman, Parigi Moutong, Pasaman, Pasaman Barat, Pesawaran, Pesisir Barat, Pidie, Pidie Jaya, Pinrang, Pohuwato, Polewali Mandar, Poso, Pringsewu, Sigi, Sikka, Sinjai, Soppeng, Sumba Barat Daya, Sumba Tengah, Tabanan, Tanah Datar, Tanggamus, Tapanuli Utara, Toli-Toli, and Wajo.
The Sustainable Cocoa Production Program (SCPP) aims to facilitate capacity-building measures for 165,000 smallholder cocoa farmers in 55 selected districts across 11 cocoa producing provinces. The USD 60 million program has already completed two of the four overlapping phases from its 2010 to 2020 timeline.
As a large public-private partnership, the program works together with various private sector partners, including Barry Callebaut, Big Tree Farm, Cargill, Ecom, Guittard, JB Cocoa, Krakakoa, Mars, Mondelēz International and Nestlé, to enhance the economic, social and environmental aspects of the cocoa supply chain in Indonesia. It is working towards building the foundation for improved transparency and product traceability to encourage sector change. 11 out of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are directly addressed by SCPP, which contributes to improving the livelihood of smallholders, while also protecting the environment and reducing inequalities.
The overall objective of SCPP is to increase the farmer household income from cocoa by 75% and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the cocoa sector by 30%. It follows a three-dimensional approach: People, Profit, and Planet, meaning the Program facilitates and implements specific activities in the social, economic and environmental dimensions. The Program employs an integrated and well-established approach that incorporates:
The targets of the Program include:
Per December 2016:
2012 - 2020
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