Nepal witnessed two massive earthquakes in 2015 that claimed lives of thousands of its people. 8,790 people died and more than 22,300 people were injured. Assessments showed that at least 498,852 private houses and 2,656 government buildings were destroyed. Another 256,697 private houses and 3,622 government buildings were partially damaged. In addition, 19,000 classrooms were destroyed and 11,000 damaged.
While rebuilding and reconstruction is under way, it is apprehended that traditional way of rebuilding houses will be continued. The traditional method is non-earthquake resistant and does not comply with the country’s national building code. Such reconstruction will make the settlements further vulnerable to landslides and earthquakes. Hence guiding and supporting the people to reconstruct their houses as earthquake resistance are of great significance.
Recent surveys conducted in affected districts report that 38% of the respondents identified lack of skilled labour as the major barrier for resilient repair and reconstruction. 83% responded that the cost of masons increased after the earthquakes while 42% estimated that it has at least been doubled. The government of Nepal also estimated that 60,000 masons needed to be trained in next two years. It is estimated that only in Sindhuli district, one of the majorly affected districts and the project implementation area will need 3,000 new masons in the next five years.
The overall objective of “Skills for Safe Reconstruction Project (SSRP)” is to contribute to reduce future earth quake risk of the people living in selected areas of Sindhuli district of Nepal, one of the districts severely affected by earth quakes. The project contributes to a safe reconstruction process through capacity building of house owners towards earthquake resistant technology and skills training for construction workers.
The project is comprised of two key components: awareness raising of house owners and skills training of construction workers. Together they form a comprehensive approach to address the challenges of a safer reconstruction process in Sindhuli district.
SSRP focuses strongly on providing new skills and elevating the qualifications of construction workers through trainings. The project aims to empower house owners through enhanced information and knowledge on construction and improved access to skilled workers and government technical support. With enhanced capacity house owners are expected to play an active role in reconstruction of their houses. All activities are aligned with government reconstruction work and guidelines to avoid creation of parallel structure and duplication of work.
By the end of the project, the following results are expected:
2016 - 2018
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