Improving cocoa and Honey Value Chains

For decades, Uganda suffered under the tyranny of a succession of dictators. The war that has been simmering in the north of the country for more than twenty years has forced 1.6 million people to flee their villages. Nevertheless, the steady rates of growth in the south have been impressive. Little or no benefit from this positive development have filtered up to the north. Uganda is one of the poorest countries in the world. The average income hovers below one dollar a day. In the south, around 40 per cent of the population are living below the poverty line and in the north this figure rises to 70 per cent. Uganda is an agrarian country. If the people are to escape this poverty through their own efforts any support provided must be centred on agriculture.

The Project

The project seeks to reduce poverty, increase incomes and sustainable livelihoods for small-scale honey and cocoa farmers and other value chain actors within the two value chains. It is envisaged that it will lead to improved economic performance of producing households in the cocoa and honey market system,replication and innovation of (existing and new) business and service models promoted and facilitated and improved policy and regulatory environment for cocoa and honey market system.

The specific focus of the project is facilitating bee keepers, cocoa farmers, processors and microenterprises to access productivity enhancing technologies and markets for their products. It intends to influence behaviour changes within market actors and stakeholders by supporting changes in attitudes, perceptions, capacities, incentives and business practices, all which affect the performance and growth of the two market systems.

Partnerships with like-minded private sector entities are developed to have joint efforts in addressing the underlying issues affecting the two sectors. Current project partners include The Uganda National Apiclture Development Organization(TUNADO), APITRADE AFRICA, MAAIF, bee keepers associations.



Since the beginning of the project phase, a total of 24'445 smallholder farmers (3'726 in 2016) have benefited from the project activities, of which the proportion of women amounts to 32% (7'811). The phase goal has therefore even been slightly exceled in terms of number of smallholder farmers reached (planned around 23’000) as well as the inclusion of women (planned 30%). The involvement of 4’786 women in the cocoa sector represents a substantial success in particular considering the traditionally male-dominated market.

Evaluations of the honey sector for the entire phase have shown that 71% of the beekeepers were able to increase their annual income by an average of CHF 178 and consequently, improved their market position. This additional source of income is inasmuch important as the honey production often serves as a side-line business.

In the cocoa sector, 67% of the beneficiaries increased their annual income by an average of CHF 1’952 (more than doubled). Between 2013-2016, the cocoa producers generated just under CHF 12.5 million by selling 5’270 tonnes of dried cocoa. This considerable increase in income is, on the one hand, attributed to the favourable international market prices and, on the other hand, to growing business relations of better organised farmers’ groups as well as the improved access to market information.

Moreover, the inclusion of the honey and cocoa sector in the new Ugandan government program for 2016-2020 as well as the integration into the planning of local administrations are significant and sustained successes.

Project countries

  • Uganda

Project duration

2017 - 2020


  • SDC
  • Donations
  • Ricola Foundation (honey sector)

Working area


Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation
Hardturmstrasse 123
CH-8005 Zurich

Tel. +41 44 454 17 17
Fax +41 44 454 17 97