Developing economic opportunities in the waste collection

Taka ni Mali is Swahili language phrase meaning "Dirt is Wealth". TnM project component is implemented in the Morogoro Municipality, the major township of the Morogoro region. Urban Morogoro is approximately 195 km to the West of Dar es Salaam, covers a total area of 531km2 and is divided into 19 wards. The TnM project has two intervention strategies on economy and environment. On one hand it aims at developing economic opportunities in the waste collection and recycling sector by increasing the amount of recyclable waste that is sorted, collected, traded and finally recycled. On the other hand, TnM aims at improving urban hygiene by reducing the amount of mixed waste being discarded into public areas or burnt in private courtyards causing environmental pollution, drain clogging and floods. A significant reduction of waste being disposed in the landfill will reduce ground water pollution and population's health risks especially the poorest that often live in the worst sanitary conditions.

Separation at household level will reduce contamination of recyclables with wet waste and therefore increases the quality and value of recyclable waste items. This will generate additional income for Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) and others operating in the waste sector and create new opportunities for green jobs in the recycling sector. The target groups of the project are hardly educated poor people, about 50% of whom are women, who are working in the informal waste sector (CBOs) as well as potential entrepreneurs in the recycling sector.

The Project

The project supports CBOs to carry out an efficient and sustainable waste collection system. Already existing CBOs are strengthened and inactive CBO's re-activated. CBOs and their staff are trained in technical, business and social skills. Training focuses on proper handling and identification of solid waste, occupational safety and first aid, managerial skills, teamwork and leadership as well as other social skills important when dealing with clients.

The project also promotes the production of compost from municipal organic waste at CBO and household level and subsequently, the product are utilized in sustainable agriculture. Further more the project facilitates regulatory and policy dialogue with actors and the Municipality and undertakes awareness raising for waste sorting at source. Potential recycling industries have been identified to enhance treatment processes for organic waste and recyclable materials. The project closely collaborates with the Morogoro Municipal Council (MMC), especially with the Municipal entities for waste management.


From 2013 to 2016, a total of 15 Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) have been identified and supported by the project and its partners through technical and managerial trainings in waste management. 199 CBO workers (almost half women) have been trained in solid waste management and are currently full-time employed in the waste management sector. In 2016, the project piloted the support of 5 new recycling organisations, which consequently led to the job creation for 64 recyclers’ employees (42% women). To sum up, 264 jobs (planned 250) have been created during the phase.

As already indicated in the SDAS component, the inclusion of women from all age groups (planned 40%) in the Taka-ni-Mali project is pivotal to the same extent. Given women’s major role in households, their participation in the solid waste management is essential for a successful implementation. Therefore, the outperformed 40% of women involved in the project is a tremendous outcome.

The average income increase per CBO worker reached during the phase amounts to CHF 112 per year (+37%), while recycler workers achieved an average yearly income increase of CHF 300 (+60%). The total additional income generated through the whole phase in the Taka-ni-Mali component amounts to CHF 74’600. These additional incomes signify an effective improvement of their individual living situation considering the worker’s poor and humble conditions.

Between 2013-2016, the TnM project reached a total of 15’912 households (planned 15’000 households) by means of awareness creation. 5 out of 15 Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) have succeed to actively operate compost sites and have recovered and composted 8’702 tonnes of organic waste from 2014-2016 (5’894 tonnes in 2016).

Project countries

  • Tanzania

Project duration

2017 - 2020


  • SDC
  • Donations
  • Sinopec Addax Petroleum Foundation

Working area


Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation
Hardturmstrasse 123
CH-8005 Zurich

Tel. +41 44 454 17 17
Fax +41 44 454 17 97