From its commencement in August 2003, Swisscontact has worked on the implementation of the 'Aire limpio' clean air project in La Paz, El Alto, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz de la Sierra, which are the largest cities with the highest number of vehicles. Later, and as the number of vehicles increased, Aire Limpio expanded and now covers eight of the nine regional capitals and two other cities. The series of measures favouring more sustainable urban transport that has been put in place recently or is about to be implemented have become public services; Swisscontact in Bolivia has been investing in these processes for more than ten years.
The project's role is as a process facilitator and provider of specialist technical aid to the different agents involved in implementing the measures aimed at reducing atmospheric pollution in the cities of Bolivia.
The project concentrates on: helping local councils and the central government to complete the legal framework for air quality and urban transport; to provide technical assistance to the public and private sectors so that they can apply measures for reducing and preventing air pollution as a function of the roles assigned to them by the legal framework; this approach does not create dependency and enables the project to withdraw when the system is functioning properly, leaving installed capacity behind it.
Air Quality Monitoring
One important element of the air pollution problem is understanding the actual air quality in Bolivia's cities, and this is possible through the Air Quality Monitoring Network (Red MoniCA), which facilitates planning and measuring the effectiveness of air quality and urban transport measures.
Vehicle Technical Inspections
Although vehicle technical inspections will start as a pilot project by municipal governments, it is hoped that they will quickly become the starting point for improved vehicle maintenance and control, leading to a gradual renewal of fleet thus reducing pollution and fuel consumption and improving road safety.
Sustainable Urban Transport
Improving transport is of great benefit to the population, by facilitating access to more efficient, modern and safe systems that cover greater areas for longer periods of time and also make a substantial contribution to reducing air pollution.
Two new urban transport systems have been inaugurated: the cable car between El Alto and La Paz and the Puma Katari Municipal Bus Service in La Paz. Both projects received technical aid from the Aire Limpio project and by the end of 2014 had achieved a reduction of 25'000 tons of CO2 equivalent.
The project's role is as a process facilitator and provider of specialist technical aid to the different agents involved in implementing the measures aimed at reducing atmospheric pollution in the cities of Bolivia. Aid is concentrated on municipalities and the central government to complete Bolivia's legislative framework for air quality and urban transport. To provide technical assistance to the public and private sectors so that they can apply measures for reducing and preventing air pollution as a function of the roles assigned to them by the legal framework. This approach does not generate dependency and encourages installed capacity that guarantees continuity of action using local means and resources once the project ends.
2010 - 2017
Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation
Tel. +41 44 454 17 17
Fax +41 44 454 17 97
E-Mail info@ swisscontact.org